Documentation on PYTHIA:
- for ep only versions of PYTHIA 6.4 can be used
- its www-page http://home.thep.lu.se/~torbjorn/pythiaaux/recent.html
- the manual http://home.thep.lu.se/~torbjorn/pythia/lutp0613man2.pdf
Pythia processes important in ep
|V N → V N||91||elastic VMD|
|V N → V X||92||single-diffractive VMD|
|V N → XN||93||single-diffractive VMD|
|V N → XX||94||double-diffractive VMD|
|V N → X||95||soft non-diffractive VMD low-pT|
|96||semihard QCD 2→2|
|RESOLVED (hard VMD and anomalous)|
|qq → qq||11||QCD 2 → 2(q)|
|q qbar → q qbar||12|
|q qbar → gg||13|
|gq → gq||28|
|qg → qg||28||QCD 2 → 2(g)|
|gg → q qbar||53|
|gg → gg||68|
|γ∗q → q||99||LO DIS|
|γ∗T q → qg||131||(transverse) QCDC|
|γ∗L q → qg||132||(longitudinal) QCDC|
|γ∗T g → q qbar||135||(transverse) PGF|
|γ∗L g → q qbar||136||(longitudinal) PGF|
VMD: Vector Meson Dominance, describing the elastic diffractive production of Vector Mesons
QCDC: QCD-Compton, radiation of a gluon from incoming or outgoing quark lines
PGF: Photon Gluon Fusion
the code can be found on the afs directory for EIC at BNL
this is code is based on PYTHIA 6.4.13 and was modified to include radiative corrections using RadGen.
The main program is in the same directory and called pyMaineRHIC_v1.f, several other routines are needed which are in the same directory.
The executable is in the same directory and called pythiaeRHIC
There are several steer files (named: input.data. XXXXX.eic) provided in this directory to run PYTHIA and get reasonable output
How to Run the Code
without radiative corrections
pythiaeRHIC < input.data_noradcor.eic > XXX.log
input.data_noradcor.eic is one of the steer file examples in the directory to run PYTHIA with settings tuned for Hermes, and/or H1 and ZEUS.
If you want to run only elastic vector meson production the example steer file is "input.data_noradcor.VM.eic"
with radiative corrections
- create a directory called radgen in the area you want to run the code
- you either need to generate the lookup table for your cuts and beam energy settings first
pythiaeRHIC < input.data_make-radcor.eic
- or you can use one of the files already generated
the directories are in
and called radgen(ebeamB)x(pbeamE), like radgen10x100 or radgen4x100 or .......
- to run the code than with radiative corrections simply change the steer file to either
input.data_radcor.eic or input.data_radcor.VM.eic and type pythiaeRHIC < input.data_radcor.eic > XXX.log
Output file structure
the output file is in a text format which has the following structure.
- 1st line: PYTHIA EVENT FILE
- 2nd line: "============================================"
- 3rd line: information which is valid for the event
I: 0 (line index) ievent: eventnumber running from 1 to XXX genevent: trials to generate this event subprocess: pythia subprocess (MSTI(1)), for details see table above nucleon: hadron beam type (MSTI(12)) targetparton: parton hit in the target (MSTI(16)) xtargparton: x of target parton (PARI(34)) beamparton: in case of resolved photon processes and soft VMD the virtual photon has a hadronic structure. This gives the info which parton interacted with the target parton (MSTI(15)) xbeamparton: x of beam parton (PARI(33)) thetabeamparton: theta of beam parton (PARI(53)) truey, trueQ2, truex, trueW2, trueNu: are the kinematic variables of the event. If radiative corrections are turned on they are different from what is calculated from the scattered lepton. If radiative corrections are turned off they are the same as what is calculated from the scattered lepton leptonphi: phi of the lepton (VINT(313)) s_hat: shat of the process (PARI(14)) t_hat: mandelstam t (PARI(15)) u_hat: Mandelstm u (PARI(16)) pt2_hat: pthat^2 of the hard scattering (PARI(18)) Q2_hat: Q2hat of the hard scattering (PARI(22)), F2, F1, R, sigma_rad, SigRadCor: information used and needed in the radiative correction code EBrems: energy of the radiative photon in the nuclear rest frame photonflux: flux factor from PYTHIA (VINT(319)) nrTracks: number of tracks in this event, includes also virtual particles
- 4th line: "============================================"
- 5th line: now start the track wise information.
I: line index, runs from 1 to nrTracks K(I,1): status code KS (1: stable particles 11: particles which decay 55; radiative photon) K(I,2): particle KF code (211: pion, 2112:n, ....) K(I,3): line number of parent particle K(I,4): normally the line number of the first daughter; it is 0 for an undecayed particle or unfragmented parton K(I,5): normally the line number of the last daughter; it is 0 for an undecayed particle or unfragmented parton. P(I,1): px of particle P(I,2): py of particle P(I,3): pz of particle P(I,4): Energy of particle P(I,5): mass of particle V(I,1): x vertex information V(I,2): y vertex information V(I,3): z vertex information
- Xth line "=============== Event finished ==============="
the information from line 3 to X repeats for each event.
How to analyze events
- create a root tree
there are root macros available to convert the output txt-files into root trees.
Details how to run the macros can be found [here]
to normalize your counts to cross section you need two informations
- the total number of trials (NGEN(0,3)), it is printed to the screen/logfile if PYTHIA finishes
- the total integrated cross section (PARI(1)), the unit is microbarn (10^-6)
==> count * total integrated cross section /total number of trials
to calculate the corresponding luminosity
==> total number of trials/ total integrated cross section
Documentation on Radiative Corrections:
the code implemented in PTHIA to calculate radiative corrections is called RADGEN
The writeup on it can be found here [hep-ph/9906408]
The following steps have been done to implement it in PYTHIA:
- change the subroutine pygaga.f so it calls radgen after you have thrown y and Q2
- get the true y and Q2 from radgen and the radiated photon
- Pythia will continue to now generate an event based on this y and Q2
- Pythia still operates under accept reject, the extra weigt from the radiative corrections is absorbed in the flux factor
Additional Info on radiative corrections
www-pages with codes
M. Arneodo, (Turin U. & INFN, Cosenza) , A. Bialas, (Jagiellonian U.) , M.W. Krasny, (Paris U., VI-VII & Paris U., VI-VII) , T. Sloan, (Lancaster U.) , M. Strikman, (Penn State U.) . Sep 1996. 40pp. To be published in the proceedings of Workshop on Future Physics at HERA, Hamburg, Germany, 25-26 Sep 1995. In *Hamburg 1995/96, Future physics at HERA* 887-926. e-Print: hep-ph/9610423 and the references 5 and 6 in this article to find them check [here]