Polarimetry

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This page discusses the polarimetry in EIC. The hadron polarimetry and electron polarimetry will be discussed in more detail below

Hadron polarimetry

first part

Electron polarimetry

Introduction

There are three common techniques for measuring the electron polarimetry. The first one is the Mott polarimeter, electrons are scattered by the Coulomb field of a heavy nucleus. Mott scattering is the only practical way to measure electron beam polarization at the beam energy typical of electron guns ( ~50 to 100 keV) and electron injectors ( a few MeV). The second one is the Moller Scattering Polarimeter. The electrons are scattered from other polarized electrons in a target. The process is usually destructive and can offer rapid and precise measurement for electron beam from MeV to GeV. The third one is Compton polarimeter. It uses laser photons scattered from electron beam. It is the easiest for high energy electron beam and is non-destructive.

Regarding the Rapid Cycling Synchrotron (RCS) transmission, a polarimeter needs to cover beam energies from 1 to 18 GeV. Moller polarimeter would be a good candidate from the point of view of cost, technological difficulty, operation, to measure polarization during RCS ramp in, or at exit of, the RCS.

In the Storage Ring, a polarimeter needs to cover beam energies from 5 GeV to 18GeV. The best solution is a Compton scattering polarimeter. It would be located in IR12 (IR6 is considering).

Requirements

  • The location for the Compton polarimeter is place at IR12 (Other location is being considered). *Need to measure both longitudinal and transverse components
    • requires highly segmented pre-shower and ECal with good energy resolution for gamma ;
    • highly segmented ECal with good energy resolution and position resolution for recoil electron; *Need to measure bunch-by-bunch polarization;
  • The measurement precision should be less than 1%;
  • Moller polarimeter in RCS (interceptive);
  • Compton scattering polarimeter in storage ring (non-interceptive);


Polarization measurement

The asymmetry of the energy spectra measured with left and right helicity have been used to measure the longitudinal component of the polarization.

Energy spectra of scattered photon for Pz=+1.
Energy asymmetry of scattered photon for Pz=+1.
Energy vs theta.

The transverse polarization can be measured by measuring the spatial asymmetry. The horizontal smearing of the scattered photon is much larger than the vertical smearing making the measurement of the x dependence of the cross sections more difficult than of the y dependence.

Vertical position of scattered photon for Py=+1.
Vertical position asymmetry of scattered photon for Py=+1.