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The first question one may ask is what is the dominant species of nuclei present in the residual beam gas.  The vacuum experts at RHIC were consulted.  The vacuum condition existing currently at RHIC are a good starting place for these studies.  It was stated that roughly 90% of the gas is H<sup>2</sup>, with heavier gases making up the remaining content.  Thus the current studies focus on p+H<sup>2</sup> collisions.  The Monte Carlo package [https://wiki.bnl.gov/eic/index.php/DPMJet DPMJet] is used to generate these events.  The steering file used to generate the events used in the simulation can be found at '''/direct/eic+u/rmpetti/workarea/MCgenerators/dpmjet3-32BIT/pH.inp'''.  The file format for the output of DPMJet for hadronic collisions is a bit different from that for DIS type events.  Thus an afterburner macro has been written to massage the output so that it can be imported directly into [https://wiki.bnl.gov/eic/index.php/Eicroot EicRoot].  This macro only keeps final state particles, so all ancestry information is lost (this is not needed for this current study anyway).  Also the information regarding the impact parameter of the collision, number of participant nucleons, etc., will also not be propagated through to EicRoot.  This information is also not needed for the background rates studies.  The transformation macro can be found at '''/direct/eic+u/rmpetti/workarea/MCgenerators/dpmjet3-32BIT/pA_background/hijingFaker.C'''.  The output of this macro can be put directly into EicRoot as detailed in the next section.
 
The first question one may ask is what is the dominant species of nuclei present in the residual beam gas.  The vacuum experts at RHIC were consulted.  The vacuum condition existing currently at RHIC are a good starting place for these studies.  It was stated that roughly 90% of the gas is H<sup>2</sup>, with heavier gases making up the remaining content.  Thus the current studies focus on p+H<sup>2</sup> collisions.  The Monte Carlo package [https://wiki.bnl.gov/eic/index.php/DPMJet DPMJet] is used to generate these events.  The steering file used to generate the events used in the simulation can be found at '''/direct/eic+u/rmpetti/workarea/MCgenerators/dpmjet3-32BIT/pH.inp'''.  The file format for the output of DPMJet for hadronic collisions is a bit different from that for DIS type events.  Thus an afterburner macro has been written to massage the output so that it can be imported directly into [https://wiki.bnl.gov/eic/index.php/Eicroot EicRoot].  This macro only keeps final state particles, so all ancestry information is lost (this is not needed for this current study anyway).  Also the information regarding the impact parameter of the collision, number of participant nucleons, etc., will also not be propagated through to EicRoot.  This information is also not needed for the background rates studies.  The transformation macro can be found at '''/direct/eic+u/rmpetti/workarea/MCgenerators/dpmjet3-32BIT/pA_background/hijingFaker.C'''.  The output of this macro can be put directly into EicRoot as detailed in the next section.
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One of the pursuits of the study is to investigate where along the beam path collisions can occur and still cause a significant number of particles from the collision to hit the detector.  Thus it is necessary to generate events so that the vertex position of the background events occur all along the beam path trajectory.  The displaced vertex is applied to the events with the '''hijingFaker.C''' macro referenced above.
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One of the pursuits of the study is to investigate where along the beam path collisions can occur and still cause a significant number of particles from the collision to hit the detector.  Thus it is necessary to generate events so that the vertex position of the background events occur all along the beam path trajectory.  The displaced vertex is applied to the events with the '''hijingFaker.C''' macro referenced above.  In addition to taking the original DPMJet generated event record file as an argument, the macro also takes in a ROOT file containing a single EicRoot event (output of running '''/direct/eic+u/rmpetti/workarea/backgroundStudies/beamGas/macros/simulation_beamPath_rr.C''' for example) encoding the path of the beam via the simulated track.  The information about the track contained in the TGeoTrack branch (and class) is used to reference beam's path.  To generate this beam path, an anti-proton is generated originating at the end of the detector (z = -4.5 m currently) moving in the opposite direction of the beam.
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The '''hijingFaker.C''' macro will randomly select a position along the beam path (so assumes a uniform distribution along this path).  This means that the vertex is displaced from the original simulated file in both x (transverse and horizontal to the beam) and z (along the beam).  The angle of the emitted particles from the collision are also rotated by the angle the proton makes along the beam path.
    
=== EicRoot Simulation ===
 
=== EicRoot Simulation ===
 
The next step in the simulation workflow is tracking the background events through the interaction region magnets.
 
The next step in the simulation workflow is tracking the background events through the interaction region magnets.
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